How do you define intelligence? It’s a fairly broad term that’s not so easy give a exact definition. We all have our strong points, there are almost certainly gaps in our knowledge and things that we are not so sharp on, which makes ‘intelligence’ hard to completely decipher.
Psychologist Howard Gardner believes that we have ‘multiple intelligences’, 9 to be in fact. He presents this theory in his book Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences, where he explains that intelligence had been thought of as being a ‘single entity that was inherited’ and learned. He goes on to explain his understanding of intelligence – ‘there exists a multitude of intelligences, quite independent of each other; that each intelligence has its own strengths and constraints’.
Gardner’s theory is not accepted by all psychologists, but it doesn’t mean that it’s not helpful. Many professionals have found it to be very useful. For example, teachers are able to differentiate between the way different students learn, meaning they can develop new teaching methods and approaches.
The theory is also great for you to use to find out your own strengths and weaknesses. Have a look at the infographic below to get started.
Main photo credit: jrduboc